Good Nutrition Before And After Surgery
Any surgical procedure carries risks for the patient. But there are some precautions that you must take to avoid other dangers. That is why we will explain the importance of good nutrition before and after surgery.
Why Is Healthy Eating Important?
Being well-fed is essential to have a healthy life. Maintaining a balanced diet in which you get all the nutrients brings you multiple benefits. Consuming amino acids, sugars, vitamins, and fatty acids allows you to have energy and agility. It favors performance in physical activities or sports, keeps you young, and gives you psychological and emotional balance.
Eating healthy also strengthens the immune system and reduces the possibility that you will contract diseases. Nutrition is defined as the process in which the body assimilates the nutrients that we give it through food. It absorbs them through digestion so that they reach the blood and cells.
So having proper nutrition depends on you consuming the large food groups. Eat cereals, tubers, fruits, vegetables, animal products, and legumes. In other words, the body needs daily carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.
A balanced diet is based on energy and nutrient harmony, which is combined with food from all groups in just quantities. It should be noted that each person has different needs; it all depends on their weight and the type of physical activity they perform.
The nutritional assessment begins with the development of the clinical history of the patient. The review includes a physical examination, anthropometric, biochemical indicators, and fat distribution. This information is essential to understand the patient's condition and develop the plan for the care of their nutrition. All procedures up to breast surgeries need these data.
Consequences Of Poor Diet
A failure in nutrition causes fatigue due to the exhaustion of energy sources, in addition to a weak immune system. All of this can trigger chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and obesity. The ideal is to combine a balanced diet supervised by an expert with exercises.
According to the World Health Organization, about 2.7 million people die each year from poor nutrition. Excess saturated fat, sugar, and salt, as well as cooking fried and battered foods, are habits that affect health too much.
While fast food causes the emergence of carcinogenic bacteria because they are rich in sugars and fats, just like pre-cooked foods, poor nutrition affects not only the immune system; it alters physical and mental development. It also reduces productivity and quality of life.
These problems are due to the lack of nutritional elements and the excess of these that cause obesity.
Healthy eating must include the different food groups to be complete; it is necessary to consume them proportionally to be balanced. Cover the nutritional needs so that it is sufficient and adapt the intake to the person's health so that it is adequate.
After The Intervention
At the end of the operation, a splint is placed to protect and stabilize the nose. Wicks (absorbent dressings) are also placed in the nasal cavity. These devices will be kept in place for several days.
Edema, sometimes accompanied by bruising, usually occurs in the eyelids. Their importance varies from one individual to another. They fade and disappear on average within eight days.
The pain is minimal and can be neutralized by an analgesic prescribed by the plastic surgeon. The main inconvenience consists of the discomfort caused by the impossibility of being able to breathe through the nose after the operation due to the presence of the locks.
In order to avoid any complications and promote good healing, it is important to:
- regularly consult your plastic surgeon;
- do not take any medication without their consent;
- rest, avoid any significant muscular effort or sporting activity;
- avoid driving;
- sleep with your head elevated to promote the absorption of eyelid edema;
- maintain smoking cessation to ensure better healing;
- refrain from exposure to the sun for at least two months.
The length of hospital stay rarely exceeds 24 hours. It depends on the nature of the operation, the age, and the state of health of the patient. There is generally one night of hospitalization: the patient leaves the day after the intervention. Certain rhinoplasties can be performed in ambulatory surgery or day hospitalization: the patient leaves the same day of his admission, a few hours after the operation.
A 3-day work stoppage is sometimes sufficient, but a full week of stoppage is sometimes recommended. The dressings, splint, and any stitches are removed within eight days. The edema subsides completely within 3 to 6 weeks.
Risky sports and leisure activities should be avoided during the three months following the operation. It is advisable to wait for the doctor's agreement to resume any sporting activity.