Good Nutrition Before And After Surgery

Any surgical procedure carries risks for the patient. But there are some precautions that you must take to avoid other dangers. That is why we will explain the importance of good nutrition before and after surgery.

Why Is Healthy Eating Important?

Being well-fed is essential to have a healthy life. Maintaining a balanced diet in which you get all the nutrients brings you multiple benefits. Consuming amino acids, sugars, vitamins, and fatty acids allows you to have energy and agility. It favors performance in physical activities or sports, keeps you young, and gives you psychological and emotional balance.

Eating healthy also strengthens the immune system and reduces the possibility that you will contract diseases. Nutrition is defined as the process in which the body assimilates the nutrients that we give it through food. It absorbs them through digestion so that they reach the blood and cells.

So having proper nutrition depends on you consuming the large food groups. Eat cereals, tubers, fruits, vegetables, animal products, and legumes. In other words, the body needs daily carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and water.

A balanced diet is based on energy and nutrient harmony, which is combined with food from all groups in just quantities. It should be noted that each person has different needs; it all depends on their weight and the type of physical activity they perform.

The nutritional assessment begins with the development of the clinical history of the patient. The review includes a physical examination, anthropometric, biochemical indicators, and fat distribution. This information is essential to understand the patient's condition and develop the plan for the care of their nutrition. All procedures up to breast surgeries need these data.

Consequences Of Poor Diet

A failure in nutrition causes fatigue due to the exhaustion of energy sources, in addition to a weak immune system. All of this can trigger chronic diseases like cancer, diabetes, hypertension, high cholesterol, and obesity. The ideal is to combine a balanced diet supervised by an expert with exercises.

According to the World Health Organization, about 2.7 million people die each year from poor nutrition. Excess saturated fat, sugar, and salt, as well as cooking fried and battered foods, are habits that affect health too much.

While fast food causes the emergence of carcinogenic bacteria because they are rich in sugars and fats, just like pre-cooked foods, poor nutrition affects not only the immune system; it alters physical and mental development. It also reduces productivity and quality of life.

These problems are due to the lack of nutritional elements and the excess of these that cause obesity.

Healthy eating must include the different food groups to be complete; it is necessary to consume them proportionally to be balanced. Cover the nutritional needs so that it is sufficient and adapt the intake to the person's health so that it is adequate.

After The Intervention

At the end of the operation, a splint is placed to protect and stabilize the nose. Wicks (absorbent dressings) are also placed in the nasal cavity. These devices will be kept in place for several days.

Edema, sometimes accompanied by bruising, usually occurs in the eyelids. Their importance varies from one individual to another. They fade and disappear on average within eight days.

The pain is minimal and can be neutralized by an analgesic prescribed by the plastic surgeon. The main inconvenience consists of the discomfort caused by the impossibility of being able to breathe through the nose after the operation due to the presence of the locks.

In order to avoid any complications and promote good healing, it is important to:

  • regularly consult your plastic surgeon;
  • do not take any medication without their consent;
  • rest, avoid any significant muscular effort or sporting activity;
  • avoid driving;
  • sleep with your head elevated to promote the absorption of eyelid edema;
  • maintain smoking cessation to ensure better healing;
  • refrain from exposure to the sun for at least two months.

The length of hospital stay rarely exceeds 24 hours. It depends on the nature of the operation, the age, and the state of health of the patient. There is generally one night of hospitalization: the patient leaves the day after the intervention. Certain rhinoplasties can be performed in ambulatory surgery or day hospitalization: the patient leaves the same day of his admission, a few hours after the operation.

A 3-day work stoppage is sometimes sufficient, but a full week of stoppage is sometimes recommended. The dressings, splint, and any stitches are removed within eight days. The edema subsides completely within 3 to 6 weeks.

Risky sports and leisure activities should be avoided during the three months following the operation. It is advisable to wait for the doctor's agreement to resume any sporting activity.

Post-Operative Care: Wash Your Nose After A Rhinoplasty

After a rhinoplasty, the nose is usually blocked and you have difficulty breathing through the nose. Washing your nose regularly is recommended in order to evacuate the blood, peel off the scabs and therefore facilitate healing.

The nose being sensitive after the intervention, it is important to proceed gently:

  • Washes with physiological saline are sufficient and allow the nostrils to be unclogged. Ideally, serum pipettes, such as single doses for babies, are the most convenient to use.
  • Alternatively, seawater sprays can also be used several times a day.

Post-Operative Care For Rapid Recovery

Due to the location of the operated area, rhinoplasty is a surgery that leads to social eviction lasting several days. Indeed, one does not necessarily want to go out for a walk with the splint or the swollen nose after the intervention.

  • PROTEOCHOC (Pileje) food supplement to boost the body before and after the intervention
  • An anti-swelling cooling mask (Therapearl) that is applied to the face. It is recommended not to apply it directly to the skin and to add compresses or clean cloth between the mask and the face.
  • A roller of arnica oil (St Hilaire)
  • Dermatological corrective brushes that will mask imperfections in facial color
  • A purifying face treatment, because after rhinoplasty, wearing the splint, the skin in this area needs to be cleansed!

Fact sheet

Before rhinoplasty:

  • Medical visits: 2 plastic surgery consultations, A consultation with the anesthesiologist.
  • Recommendations: stop smoking at least 1 month before, stop aspirin or anti-inflammatory drugs ten days before rhinoplasty.
  • Signing of the quote, informed consent, and systematic production of medical photographs.
  • Reflection period: 15 days between the 1st consultation and the intervention of rhinoplasty

Rhinoplasty intervention

  • Anesthesia for rhinoplasty: local or neurolepanalgesia for rhinoplasty of the tip, general anesthesia in case of complete rhinoplasty
  • Duration of the intervention: 1 to 2 hours on average
  • Return home after rhinoplasty: the same day or the next day

Results and outcome of rhinoplasty

  • Wicks removed: 24 hours after surgery. A maximum of 7 days after the intervention if associated septoplasty
  • Removal of plaster: between the 7th and 10th day
  • Special care: Rinsing of the nasal cavities with goménolée oil nd physiological saline, as soon as they are removed.
  • Withdrawal of the threads: between the 7th and the 10th day for the threads around the nostrils or at the level of the columella. The threads in the nostrils are absorbable.
  • Desocialization after rhinoplasty: 7 to 10 days
  • Resumption of physical activities: 1 month
  • Resumption of professional activities: 3 to 10 days, depending on the professional context
  • Deadline for the final result: 1 year

Fibrosis After Rhinoplasty And Other Healing Problems

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We will summarize the most fundamental parts for normal skin:

– Immediate phase. It is the most immediate postoperative period, which usually lasts around a month and is characterized by the presence of inflammation. Think of inflammation as a sponge that has been soaked in water. The sponge is our tissue, and the water inside is the inflammation that will make our sponge “swell.”

– Intermediate phase. The medium-term postoperative period usually lasts about 6 months, during which the greatest inflammation (60-80%) occurs.

– Late phase. Between 6 and 18 months, the nose is finally deflated, especially the most superficial layers of the skin. The scars will gradually end their maturation and lose volume.

What is fibrosis?

We must consider scars as normal structures as a consequence of tissue repair when they are attacked. We usually see the external scars from surgeries, but we don’t see all the scarring under the skin. In liposuction, for example, the area of internal healing is huge if we compare it with cutaneous scars that can hardly be 1/2 centimeter. When the healing process involves “special effort” for damaged tissue and deposits larger or poorer amounts of scar, we usually call it fibrosis.

Intraoperative Secondary Rhinoplasty for correction of fibrosis in the nose

After a Rhinoplasty this phenomenon is usually especially frequent, among many other cases, in:

– Patients who have thick skin. Thicker dermis (the support layer under our skin) tend to heal more exuberantly.

– Patients who have a natural tendency to heal improperly.

– Smoking patients. Smoking patients tend to have poorer quality healing than nonsmokers.

– It is also our body’s way of “filling” empty holes under the skin or “compacting” an inflammation that is excessive or that lasts too long. If, for example, the nasal skin is not properly attached to the cartilage after Rhinoplasty, the remaining hole will be filled by fibrosis. Also, excessive or too long-lasting inflammation can “peel off” the cartilage skin long enough for fibrosis to build up.

Fibrosis is usually, therefore, scarring that is greater than normal or of worse quality. On the nose, this greater accumulation of scar will thicken the skin and make us lose the aesthetic details that we had planned. Fibrosis is a process that develops slowly over months, usually during the first 6. It is not something that comes out suddenly and therefore, it is possible to take measures, as we will see later, to avoid its appearance or, at least, decrease its importance.

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